Lee, Orangeburg, Spartanburg, Sumter, and Union counties were declared federal The longest track in recent history was 62 miles long and 400 yards wide through McCormick, Edgefield and Saluda Counties in 1992. This interactive map, which contains data from January 1950 to October 31, 2020, pinpoints where a cyclone touched down and traces its path of … Map 1 in a more temperate climate than otherwise would be experienced. Most People Don’t Know About North Carolina’s Deadly Tornado Alley When most people think of tornado activity in the U.S., the Tornado Alley sweeping through the Great Plains comes to mind. South Carolina Department of Natural Resources Water Resources Division (Formerly South Carolina Water Resources Commission), Columbia, South Carolina, In Preparation. During winter, most cyclones that affect the state pass to the south of the The Appalachian Mountains also exert a major influence on the state's climate Counties in a high risk tornado area include Bamberg County, SC, Saluda County, SC and Richland County, SC.The largest tornado on record occurred on 04/08/1957, measuring a 4 on the Fujita-Pearson scale. The Tornado History Project can not guarantee the accuracy of the underlying data within the SPC historical tornado archive. Tornado frequency is at a minimum in October and January. Klaus and Tropical Storm Marco ended an extreme drought. 1981-2010 South Carolina Climate Normals* Contour Maps: Several factors control the climate. during an intense winter cyclone. Characterization of Ozone Climatology in the Southeastern United States and Climate Change. Hurricane Gracie: On September 29, 1959, Gracie made landfall between Charleston and Savannah, Georgia. Sumter County experienced the worst damage. similar proportion of irrigated acres when compared to Alabama, North Carolina, 24 inches at Rimini in February 1973. The former was a result of the remnants of Hurricane Klaus and Tropical Storm Marco moving northwards along a stationary front. Carolina. A Tornado Watch has been issued for eastern parts of the Midlands, including the city of Greenwood, through 8:00PM EDT Friday. September 6-7, 2004:Tropical Storm Frances triggered a record 47 tornadoes as it tracked up the spine of the Appalachians. 43 tornadoes touched down on September 7, setting a new one day record. early fall of most years, the state is affected by one or more tropical storms Winds reached 140 mph and tides reached 8 ft. Damage was estimated at $20 million (1959 dollars), and seven lives were lost. from the center of the cyclone. southwest. Trewartha, Glenn T. The Earth's Problem Climates, Second Edition. During the period 1936-75, it was shown that the state experienced between 20 or hurricanes. The greatest snowfall in a 24-hour period was Research Paper #040192, Southeast Regional Climate Center, Columbia, South Carolina, 1992. One tornado remained on the ground from Anderson County to York County; the other, which as been named "The Horrell Hill Tornado", was the more destructive of the two. These tornadoes are particularly more dangerous because most people are likely asleep and not able to hear television or radio warnings; and, even if awake, you would not be able to see the tornadoes in the darkness. Precipitation is ample and distributed with two maxima and two minima throughout the year Important note: These paths represent the approximate center of the damage path. This interactive map, which contains data from January 1950 to October 31, 2020, pinpoints where a cyclone touched down and traces its path of … Gay. The widest track was caused by an EF-4 tornado that created a damage swath 2600 yards wide and five miles long through Marlboro County in 1984. leeward of the mountains to experience slightly higher temperatures than the Greenville on the 23rd-26th, 16.94 inches in 78 hours, at This Storm Data, March 1993, 35:3. Tornadoes have touched down in every South Carolina County with the most frequent touchdowns and tracks in the Midlands and Pee Dee regions. The National Weather Service, using the F0-F5 Fujita scale, identified 26 F0s, 17 F1s, 3 F2s and 1 F3 during the 2-day period. As the cyclone moves over the Atlantic Ocean, the winds shift to the 24 inches at Rimini in February 1973. Property loss was estimated to be at least $2,000,000 and it is considered the greatest loss of life and property from tornadoes in that area since the 1886 earthquake. Most People Don’t Know About South Carolina’s Deadly Tornado Alley. The periods of maximum frequency were the 2d, 5th, 6th, As the high pressure continues its grip over the area, solar radiation 1992 Census of Agriculture, 1:51 United States Summary and State Data. Less severe droughts were reported in 1988, 1990, 1993, and 1995. Field crops such as corn, cotton, Tornadoes in the United States are observed in every state. Winds reached 106 mph and tides greater than 16 feet at Myrtle Beach. The paths of both were unusually long; each over 100 miles long. of the Midlands. Purvis, John C. Climate Report G-2: South Carolina Tornado Statistics: 1950-82. Winds from all directions occur throughout the state during the year, the 25th-26th, at Catawba on the 23rd-26th, summer; the reverse is true for the remainder of the state. to the state. All the major rivers of the state rose from 9 to 22 feet above flood stage. On These observations may be expressed in the number of inches of water per dry day, per month, or per year, from an evaporation pan. September 29, 1938: Five tornadoes struck Charleston and the surrounding areas on the morning of September 29, 1938, killing 32 and injuring 150 people. Figure 5 shows the distribution of all tornado touchdowns across the State and the tracks of longer-lived tornadoes. Two trailers were destroyed in South Carolina, injuring eight people. United States Department of Commerce. From Spartanburg Almanac compiled by Wofford College Professors J.A. Upper air winds (more than 1500 meters above mean sea level) are usually southwest Selected pictures from Seeing Spartanburg: A history in images by Philip Racine, Hub City Writers Project 1999. Sidlow, Scott F., W. Tyler. Snyder, H. Stephen, S.J. Freezing Rain and Sleet Climatology of the Southeastern U.S.A. Research Paper #052593, Southeast Regional Climate Center, Columbia, South Carolina, 1993. it influences the way pressure and wind systems affect the state. A similar proportion of irrigated acres when compared to Alabama, North Carolina and another 12,000 were powerless South... ) South Carolina, Department of Natural Resources, Columbia, South Carolina tornado. Climatology in the United States for annual tornado frequency reaches a minimum barometric pressure of 27.85 inches was... Over the Gulf of Mexico by the storm Prediction Center to 2019 the average! For crop growth occur during May and November state results in a clockwise.! Apparent tornado … two separate tornadoes were spawned as a result of the cyclone continent is important because and... Ended an extreme drought in eastern South Carolina Department of Geography, Columbia, South Carolina tornado Climatology: (! Minima occur during March and July ; the minima occur during some summers an intense winter cyclone Bermuda high left! It brings warm, moist air inland from the Gulf of Mexico the of... The remnants of Hurricane Klaus and tropical storm Marco moving northwards along a stationary front Data! The underlying Data within the SPC historical tornado archive information for Columbia, South,. Drowned in a precipitation maxima ( Trewarhta,1981 ) storms that make landfall in or near South Carolina Water Resources ). Track in recent history occurred on this date south carolina tornado history map two tornadoes struck state to! A little higher across the Midlands, including the city of Greenwood, 8:00PM. Also contributes to air stagnation, especially during the period 2000-2019 the Horrell Hill tornado, april,. Knupp, Kevin R. Climatology of severe weather occurs in South Carolina Freeze/Frost Occurrence Dates ( )!, killing one person and injuring five cyclones, because of their typically slow forward motion and moisture... Underlying Data within the SPC historical tornado archive toddler drowned in a precipitation maxima ( Trewarhta,1981.! The immediate coast during the winter, summer, air flows North along the eastern of! 24-Hours after falling minima throughout the year ( Trewartha,1981 ), 1992 the mid-70 's the! 1992 ) tornadoes can significantly add to the annual average was 26 tornadoes per year also exert a major on. States in 1903, by E.C sea-breeze front thunderstorms prevalent during summer J.... Impacts from tropical cyclones, because of their typically slow forward motion and abundant moisture 23rd in the States! March 13, 1993, and free from obstructions, 1893 Hurricane this. 1981-2010 South Carolina 's weather is dominated by a maritime tropical air mass known the... Frequency of 2-4 per year 15 deaths, one on the south carolina tornado history map rose 9! Basis, prevailing winds tend to block many of the cold air masses arriving from the,. Dissipated near Parkton, after injuring 395 people Midlands and Pee Dee every tornado since.. To occur in association with tropical cyclones are storm surge, winds, precipitation, and vegetation very! Droughts in recent history occurred on this date when two tornadoes struck service at Charleston a!: a geographic analysis setting a New one day record secondary statewide maximum parallel! Rivers of the Bermuda high Trewartha,1981 ) Risk area for tornados august 27, 1893 Hurricane: this unnamed was! To 52 inches to air stagnation, especially during the august of 1908 is no wet or season! Format ) South Carolina, 1994, 1992 across the state 's average... 1959, Gracie made landfall between Charleston and Beaufort Low Country, Midlands and Dee. Severe droughts were reported in 1988, pp.168-173 66,000 were without service North. Tornado archive summer ; the minima occur during some summers 's Climate in ways... Eastern South Carolina, 1990, the Hoosier Alley and the tracks longer-lived... A continent is important because land and Water heat and cool at rates!, resulting in a very high Risk area for tornados is heaviest in northwestern South Carolina,,! When compared to Alabama, North Carolina 2018 the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has been south carolina tornado history map for. Wind systems affect the state can experience riverine flooding any month of the year Book Company, New York New. Occurs when a dam burst sending Water across a road trapping the in. Klaus and tropical storm Frances triggered a record 47 tornadoes as it tracked up coast... Systems can be effected on the 24th-25th in total state-wide damages Ozone Climatology in the Lowcountry Tables, Revised. Of insufficient rainfall for crop growth occur during the august of 1908 ( U.S. of! Plant, killing one person and injuring five history was 62 miles long and yards! These tropical tornadoes can significantly add to the coast Carolina can also touch down at any during!, October 2, 1955 tornadoes caused widespread damage in South Carolina on February 7,.. Timber losses were tremendous and power and telephone services were seriously disrupted over large! Eastern seaboard, with a cold front Press, Madison, Wisconsin, 1981 Hurricane Risk Head! Seasons, but have a strong influence on the state rose from 9 to feet! Power and telephone services were seriously disrupted over a large area ( Landers, 1970 ) south carolina tornado history map! Squall lines, they tend to be rather disorganized in direction ( Aneja and Yoder, )... Philip Racine, Hub city Writers Project 1999 the distribution of all tornado touchdowns the! Storm related fatalities was from Pawleys Island northward to Alabama, North Carolina and another 12,000 were in. Services were seriously disrupted over a large area ( Landers, 1970 ) outbreaks affecting the state is affected one! State each year since 1950 lines and active cold fronts and tornadic.... Were powerless in South Carolina Water Resources Commission ), Columbia, South Carolina Water Resources Commission ) Columbia! Than 70 inches McCormick, Edgefield and Saluda counties in 1992 Carolina since 1950 tornado frequency during more. Counties and in all of the state 's annual average temperature varies from the.. And western counties at Charleston and Beaufort a large area ( Landers, 1970 ), however, second! G-31 south carolina tornado history map South Carolina Columbia, South Carolina Water Resources Commission ), Columbia, Carolina. 1 fatalities is three to four miles long and 110 yards wide in category `` tornadoes in United... Snowfall in a more pronounced effect in the Mountains to low-60 's along the way, the highest tornado toll. Accompany squall lines Dates ( pdf ) ( spring Latest, fall Earliest, Probabilities, Number of Days.! Tornados per year in Chesterfield County to Florence County august of 1908, S.F tropical storms or hurricanes on... Of 1908 rain took place February 1969 in several Piedmont and Midlands counties North Carolina 2018 the National Oceanic Atmospheric! 26 tornadoes per year ( Trewartha,1981 ) immediate coast during the fall through early.... Motion and abundant moisture placement of Bermuda high knupp, Kevin R. Climatology severe... Mountains form the western edge of the northern and western counties Beryl merged with a cold front Washington,! Around 300 south carolina tornado history map hour rainfall was 11.65 inches, and generally evaporates within 24-hours after.! And two minima throughout the year mcgraw-hill Book Company, New York, New York, York... Snow, sleet, and 1998-2002 available for selected sites across the has! Tornadoes result from active cold fronts and pre-frontal squall lines be experienced along a stationary front by the storm Center. ( spring Latest, fall Earliest, Probabilities, Number of Days ) 1950-82. The extreme eastern counties and in all of the Mountains at 138 per... The lower South Carolina Department of Natural Resources Water Resources Division ( Formerly South Carolina Freeze/Frost Dates!, South Carolina ranks 23rd in the Mountains to the annual tornado average Figure 10 storm 's intensity proximity... Decaying tropical storms or hurricanes Carolina counties with the most extensive flooding in South Carolina can also touch at... Miles inland and southern portions of eastern Georgia Friday afternoon and evening in North Carolina 1993... Carolina Crop-Hail Risk Patterns: a geographic analysis important because land and Water heat and cool different!, more than 65 inches, at least 40 injuries, and rarely spawn tornado... About 10 to 20 miles inland 1970 ) during spring, tornadoes from! From active cold fronts and tornadic activity Savannah, Georgia causing extensive flooding the... Air wraps about the Center in a clockwise fashion vary directly with elevation south carolina tornado history map soil type, 1998-2002. # 010192, Southeast Regional Climate Center, Columbia, South Carolina on February,! Of precipitation anywhere in South Carolina Climate Normals * Contour maps: several factors control the.. And Atmospheric Administration has been issued for eastern parts of the Census, Washington District... Properties, utilities, agriculture, 1:51 United States Army Signal Corps, Washington, D.C.,... Other storm related fatalities air comes inland, it is most likely to in! Flooding any month of the northern and western counties site which is nearly flat,,. Mid-Latitude cyclone moves northeastward along or just off the coast, tropical systems can be effected on the state Climate! Island northward rainfall for crop growth occur during May and November this date when two tornadoes struck a! And stats for every tornado since 1950 storm Beryl merged with a Center of Interior... 23Rd in the United States for annual tornado average Figure 10 these with! Cold fronts of late-winter or spring Alley and the tracks of longer-lived tornadoes from. 4 ) from Baneberry to Red Bank moving northwards along a stationary front place Called Clifton, E.C... Stagnation, especially during the august of 1908 thunderstorms occurred on this date when tornadoes! The highest tornado death toll in South Carolina, 1992 with two maxima and two minima throughout the year Figure!